Javorca - a memorial church of the Holy Spirit
In 2007, Javorca was designated as the most beautiful monument from the First World War on the territory of Slovenia, and it has been classified as a historical monument bearing the mark of European Cultural Heritage. In Javorca, the impressive and powerful wooden sanctuary rises high above the river bed of Tolminka - a memorial church of the Holy Spirit, which is set in memory of the fallen Austro-Hungarian defenders of the Isonzo Front. Javorca also represents one of the stops on the famous historical path of peace. It is definitely worth seeing, because it will also impress those who are otherwise not interested in historical objects!
Did you know that the Tolmin region has a rich cultural-historical, ethnological and archaeological heritage? In this area you can find quite a few sights, which picturesquely depict life in the past.
Among other things, tourists are always impressed by the Tolmin Museum, which was originally open to the public in 1951 in order to preserve and present a rich legacy. Later, it was connected to the Gorica museum, under which it operated for over 40 years. Nowadays, the Tolmin Museum boasts the status of an independent public institution, which operates in the area of the municipalities of Kobarid, Bovec and Tolmin. It is located in the mighty Coronini mansion in the middle of Tolmin, and cares for several external collections, professionally covering the fields of ethnology, history, archaeology and art history. The Tolmin Museum is a true museum with a capital M!
Why is a military cemetery worth seeing? Because besides the above, you will also be impressed by some of the sights along the path to it. First of all, let us emphasize the monumental staircase, which today is a real rarity and leads you to the memorial church Javorca above the mountain of Polog. The path to the mountain of Polog is littered with bunkers from the 1st World War, and from there, the path to the plain under Osojnica continues, where you can also see the Tolminka spring. The military cemetery itself is located on the mountain Polog and belongs to the memorial heritage. It is an abandoned military cemetery from the First World War, with a strong message. In the 1930s, soldiers were buried in a cemetery in Loče near Tolmin.
What is a German ossuary? It is a monument where the mortal remains of fallen German soldiers in the Soča offensive were buried. All ossuary construction materials were transported from Germany. An interesting feature of this cultural-historical and architectural monument is the chapel, which is located in the central part and is divided into two parts inside. In the first part, the names of fallen soldiers are engraved in oak boards, while in the second space the names are written on the walls in the mosaic technique. Fascinating, believe it!
The ossuary is built in the shape of an octagon with three concentric circles, which narrow towards the top, where the church of St. Anton stands. It is exactly this form that attracts the interest of tourists. Visitors are led to the ossuary by a road on which the stations of the way of the cross have been placed.
Napoleon Bridge near Kobarid
Napoleon bridge is located in the narrowest part of the gorge and connects the left and right banks of the Soča River. It was built in 1750, and it was named after Napoleon's troops, who marched along it towards Predel. The bridge was demolished during the First World War, then the Italians built a wooden bridge and later a railway bridge. It's definitely worth seeing, because it's a powerful expression of history.
To many, a historical train ride with an engine from the time of our ancestors is extremely interesting and attractive. Bohinj Railway is a kind of technical monument, which runs through Baška grapa along Soča towards Gorica and the Karst. Passengers can enjoy outstanding architecture during the ride - daring bridges, viaducts and tunnels. The train also takes you across the Solkan bridge.
World War I Outdoor Museums
A special curiosity of this part of our subalpine country are also open air museums of World War I. Museums are located in three different areas:
- On the lookout ridge of Kolovrat;
- In the area between the mountains of Predolina and Zaprikraj
- on the Mengore hill.